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This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.

30 review for Landmarks of Scientific Socialism "Anti-Duehring"

  1. 5 out of 5

    Damn how will Dühring ever get back from this??

  2. 5 out of 5

    theokaraman

    This book originally was a collection of newspaper articles by F. Engels against the somewhat-socialist, somewhat-reformist, somewhat-liberal Duhring, but soon readers realized that it was an excellent summary of Engels' views on philosophy, political theory, history, economy and socialism, so all articles got melded into this book. However, the article/review composition of the script and initial purpose of the author is still evident and this makes the book really hard to read. This work covers This book originally was a collection of newspaper articles by F. Engels against the somewhat-socialist, somewhat-reformist, somewhat-liberal Duhring, but soon readers realized that it was an excellent summary of Engels' views on philosophy, political theory, history, economy and socialism, so all articles got melded into this book. However, the article/review composition of the script and initial purpose of the author is still evident and this makes the book really hard to read. This work covers a variety of subjects. The first part is very important because it is one of the few early manuscripts that about marxist philosophy of science (aka "dialectical materialism") and its differences with positivism and kantian idealism. A little difficult for anyone that is not familiar with Hegel, but nothing that can not be overcame in the age of wikipedia. The second part covers a wide scope of subjects, such as history of law systems, history of the German Unification - both fine examples of the marxist philosophy of history (or "historical materialism") - and political economy, where excerpts of Karl Marx's "Das Kapital I" are provided. The final part is, to my view, the most important as far as politics are considered, because it deals with socialism, its roots (Saint-Simon, Fourier, Owen) and its differences with branches anarchism, most notably the social central planning of the economy. Engels makes a few predictions of what thinks socialism should and will be, but most important of all, Engels states what socialism must be, as opposed to capitalism, meaning that socialism should aim to abolish the wage system, money as accumulation of wealth, the strict division of labour and the contemporary family. This work was very influential to later communists, and notably, Lenin. Today, after the October Revolution and Soviet experiment, and the titanic effort to build a socialist state, many of Engels' claims, like the abolishment of labour division, may also seem to us "utopian", as he at his time viewed Owen. However, it remains a very important book in philosophical terms, and also gives a clear view of what is true marxism, as opposed to anarchist or socialdemocratic theories that are popular nowadays and are falsely labeled as "communist".

  3. 4 out of 5

    Glenn

    It is quite dense, but it's probably the best single (and fairly short) outline of the key ideas of Marxism. Engels thoroughly destroys Herr Dhüring, and presents some great arguments against claims which still manage to pop up today. Verdict: absolutely essential reading. It is quite dense, but it's probably the best single (and fairly short) outline of the key ideas of Marxism. Engels thoroughly destroys Herr Dhüring, and presents some great arguments against claims which still manage to pop up today. Verdict: absolutely essential reading.

  4. 5 out of 5

    عبدالرحمن نعيم

    مقدمة الطبعات المتأخرة للكتاب هى مدخل مهم لقرآة الكتاب فمن صريح عنوان الكتاب هذا الكتاب مرصود لتفنيد أراء أوجين دوهرنج وهو الألمانى الذى شابه كل فلاسفة قومه"الألمان" فى ذاك العصر بعدم الرضا إلا بإخراج مذهب فلسفى شامل وكامل يحاول تفسير كل شىء ويتطرق لكل شىء ... يقول إنجلس فى المقدمة"للطيعات المتأخرة" أن هذه الأراء انتهت نظريا منذ فترة وهذا حقيقى وما تبقى للكتاب من أهمية نظرية هو عرض النظرية الماركسية من خلال المقارنات والمفارقات بينها وبين أراء دوهرنج .... الكتاب عبارة عن فيض من الاقتباسات وقد سمح مقدمة الطبعات المتأخرة للكتاب هى مدخل مهم لقرآة الكتاب فمن صريح عنوان الكتاب هذا الكتاب مرصود لتفنيد أراء أوجين دوهرنج وهو الألمانى الذى شابه كل فلاسفة قومه"الألمان" فى ذاك العصر بعدم الرضا إلا بإخراج مذهب فلسفى شامل وكامل يحاول تفسير كل شىء ويتطرق لكل شىء ... يقول إنجلس فى المقدمة"للطيعات المتأخرة" أن هذه الأراء انتهت نظريا منذ فترة وهذا حقيقى وما تبقى للكتاب من أهمية نظرية هو عرض النظرية الماركسية من خلال المقارنات والمفارقات بينها وبين أراء دوهرنج .... الكتاب عبارة عن فيض من الاقتباسات وقد سمح الكاتب إنجلز لخصمه بحضور كبير فى هذا الكتاب و كان الاقتباسات عبارة عن نوعين الاول لدوهرنج من أجل التعقيب عليها و إظهار تناقدات أراءه و إدانته من فمه و النوع الثانى هو كان لفلاسفة و إقتصاديين آخرين طالهم الحديث و الأراء المتبادلة من أجل المحاججة وتوضيح الأدعاء عليهم أو إدانتهم .......... و من بين هذه الاقتباسات يفرد إنجلز بعض المساحات لعرض الأراء الماركسية و المذهب المادى الجدلى فى التحليل وتوضيح حقائقها أفضل قسم فى الكتاب هو القسم الثالث الخاص بالنظرية الاشتراكية و تخطيط المجتمع المشاعى وقد نقحت ثلاث فصول من هذا القسم وصدرت فى كتيب منفصل ....... يسعنى ان أصف هذا الكتاب فى المجمل بأنه كتاب قيم ومهم ليس لكن ليس من الضرورى قراءته

  5. 5 out of 5

    Sohan

    সে সময় ইউটিউব থাকলে ভিডিওর টাইটেল হত, 'দেখুন ডুরিং সাহেবকে কেমন রোস্টিং করলো এঙ্গেলেস!' 😅 সে সময় ইউটিউব থাকলে ভিডিওর টাইটেল হত, 'দেখুন ডুরিং সাহেবকে কেমন রোস্টিং করলো এঙ্গেলেস!' 😅

  6. 4 out of 5

    Vittorio Ducoli

    Leggere Engels oggi Leggere Engels oggi risponde per me a due esigenze. La prima è di carattere letterario e documentario, e si riferisce al piacere di approfondire il pensiero di un autore che, insieme a Karl Marx, ha posto le basi di una interpretazione del mondo che ha davvero contribuito a cambiarlo, secondo una famosissima asserzione del filosofo di Trier. L'opera di Marx ed Engels, anche se non ha visto la storia dell'umanità evolversi completamente nel senso che i due autori ritenevano inev Leggere Engels oggi Leggere Engels oggi risponde per me a due esigenze. La prima è di carattere letterario e documentario, e si riferisce al piacere di approfondire il pensiero di un autore che, insieme a Karl Marx, ha posto le basi di una interpretazione del mondo che ha davvero contribuito a cambiarlo, secondo una famosissima asserzione del filosofo di Trier. L'opera di Marx ed Engels, anche se non ha visto la storia dell'umanità evolversi completamente nel senso che i due autori ritenevano inevitabile (almeno sinora) è stata comunque la possente piattaforma teorica su cui si sono appoggiate le lotte del movimento operaio lungo due secoli, lotte che hanno trasformato profondamente i rapporti sociali ed hanno permesso, almeno nel mondo occidentale, il parziale riscatto di milioni di uomini da una condizione di assoluta povertà e subordinazione. L'Anti-Dühring risponde perfettamente a questa esigenza. Il testo è infatti una sorta di compendio della elaborazione teorica marx-engelsiana, e presenta, in ciascuno dei tre grandi capitoli in cui è suddiviso (Filosofia, Economia politica, Socialismo) il pensiero dei due in una forma piana e comprensibile anche per i non “addetti ai lavori”. Il testo fu scritto da Engels inizialmente (1877-78) per polemizzare con le tesi social-positiviste di Eugen Dühring, che stavano prendendo piede nel movimento operaio tedesco; in breve però l'Anti-Dühring ebbe una larga diffusione, per la sua struttura “manualistica”, tanto che Engels ne curò altre due edizioni, con importanti revisioni, sino al 1894. Questo suo carattere di “manuale” ha costituito anche il più grande limite di questo testo, perché è stato identificato spesso come la “bibbia” del marxismo ortodosso, una sorta di “marxism for dummies”, assumendo – accuratamente depurato dagli elementi ritenuti scomodi - un carattere dogmatico certamente lontanissimo dalla volontà del suo autore. Del carattere “manualistico” assunto dal testo e del suo essere invece senza dubbio un testo che approfondisce alcuni dei temi centrali della critica marxiana dà conto nella lunga ed illuminante introduzione Valentino Gerratana. Leggere l'Anti-Dühring risponde per me anche ad un'altra, più profonda esigenza, che è quella di cercare di capire cosa, della immane costruzione marx-engelsiana, è oggi ancora utilizzabile come chiave per comprendere la realtà. Ebbene, la mia personale risposta è che il pensiero marxiano rappresenta ancora oggi una base imprescindibile per qualunque elaborazione teorica che si ponga l'obiettivo di una critica scientificamente fondata alla società e quello di un suo radicale cambiamento. La concezione dialettica della storia, le basi economiche dei rapporti sociali, i concetti di plusvalore e alienazione sono altrettanti moloch teorici con cui dobbiamo fare i conti ancora oggi, in un mondo che, seppure apparentemente lontanissimo da quello in cui vivevano i due filosofi, ne perpetua a livello globale i meccanismi basilari. Certo, nel libro ci sono anche ingenue previsioni sull'imminente crollo del sistema capitalistico o sulla fine delle grandi città, sostituite da diffuse comunità di produttori che, alla luce di quanto è realmente successo nell'ultimo secolo possono farci sorridere. Proprio questi elementi utopici, tuttavia, rappresentano a mio parere un ulteriore elemento di forza dell'Anti-Dühring, che perde il carattere dogmatico che il socialismo realizzato gli aveva attribuito per riacquistare la sua forza teorica e svelarci una inaspettata matrice visionaria nell'autore ritenuto il più pragmatico del grande duo. Per cambiare la realtà bisogna comprenderla, e siccome io ritengo essenziale, pena il disastro, provare a cambiarla, trovo in Marx ed in Engels molte chiavi di lettura perfettamente adattabili alla realtà odierna. Oltre che funzionale alle esigenze citate leggere l'Anti-Dühring è comunque anche un piacere, perché la vis polemica che lo pervade ne fa un testo molto godibile, e rivela che anche Engels, come Marx, era anche un brillante scrittore, pieno di ritmo ed ironia.

  7. 5 out of 5

    Owain

    This book establishes the fact that Herr Eugen Dühring is a pseudophilosophical idiot. The whole of Engels' book is dedicated to proving exactly why Dühring's ideas are wrong. At least, that may have been the point but the fact that Anti-Dühring is still read by Marxists today highlights the importance of what Engels wrote. The enduring ideas are not necessarily the reasons why Dühring was wrong but Engels' answer to them. In this book the author clarifies and expands on many points laid out in This book establishes the fact that Herr Eugen Dühring is a pseudophilosophical idiot. The whole of Engels' book is dedicated to proving exactly why Dühring's ideas are wrong. At least, that may have been the point but the fact that Anti-Dühring is still read by Marxists today highlights the importance of what Engels wrote. The enduring ideas are not necessarily the reasons why Dühring was wrong but Engels' answer to them. In this book the author clarifies and expands on many points laid out in the life of Marx and Engels one of the most significant being that this book contains the material extracted to Socialism: Scientific & Utopian. The book does tend to be quite dry and quote-heavy although I found the 1800's style literary bitchslaps quite entertaining. It is however essential reading material for serious Marxists presenting the materialist view of socialism rather than a utopian one.

  8. 4 out of 5

    Daniel Recor

    If you want THE Marxist book then this is it! It’s quote heavy and Dühring’s absurd views can disrupt the flow of the book, but so long as you read carefully and pay close attention to what Engels says, because he often summarizes what Dühring is saying, then you’ll come out ok. The chapters on dialectics are surprisingly easy but I need to add a caveat. When I first read this book, and these chapters in particular, I had no idea what was happening. After reading Mao’s “On Practice” and “On Cont If you want THE Marxist book then this is it! It’s quote heavy and Dühring’s absurd views can disrupt the flow of the book, but so long as you read carefully and pay close attention to what Engels says, because he often summarizes what Dühring is saying, then you’ll come out ok. The chapters on dialectics are surprisingly easy but I need to add a caveat. When I first read this book, and these chapters in particular, I had no idea what was happening. After reading Mao’s “On Practice” and “On Contradiction”, Stalin’s “Dialectical and Historical Materialism”, as well as Lenin’s biography of Marx I returned to these chapters and it made complete sense... except for the chemistry example... I’m not a chemist so I was rather confused here so I skimmed it and got on just fine. To finish this off, I love this book. If I was trapped on a desert island then this is the book that I’m taking.

  9. 4 out of 5

    Domhnall

    Even Marxists do not always agree with Marx, depending on the subject in hand, but it is surely desirable to establish just what it is that Marx had to say, when so many opponents of Marxism or indeed self styled supporters appear to have conflicting beliefs about this and even Marx himself is alleged to have protested along the lines "if that's Marxism then I'm not a Marxist." It is unlikely that we will find a better qualified commentator than Engels, since much of what Marx wrote is only avai Even Marxists do not always agree with Marx, depending on the subject in hand, but it is surely desirable to establish just what it is that Marx had to say, when so many opponents of Marxism or indeed self styled supporters appear to have conflicting beliefs about this and even Marx himself is alleged to have protested along the lines "if that's Marxism then I'm not a Marxist." It is unlikely that we will find a better qualified commentator than Engels, since much of what Marx wrote is only available to us through his efforts and he collaborated with Marx throughout their lives. This is an extraordinary book, which is not easy to read through from beginning to end, but is a rich scrapbook of insights and explanations that can be striking. It sets out a comprehensive rebuttal of the writings of Dühring for reasons that even Engels concedes have lost their interest; there is very little of Dühring that anyone really needs to remember and there are passages in this book (especially Part 1 chapters III to VIII) that I would be content to skip. I admit to an increasing amount of speed reading as I became accustomed to the way things would go. There is always the risk of missing gems though. In every section, and more so in the later pages than the early ones, Engels throws in snappy accounts of the correct alternative view according to Marx and these passages are a mine of useful information. As the book proceeds, explanations are supplied of key Marxist tenets, concerning the methods of philosophy or of political-economic theory, concerning capitalist economics and concerning socialism in its different forms. For any academic or student, the opportunity to quote Engels on such a range of topics in such succinct, effective passages must be a godsend. It's not a beautiful book, it's not a pleasure to read, it's not even uplifting, but it is an invaluable reference to which one can turn for clarity and a definitive response to all sorts of questions that do, surprisingly, still turn up all the time. If not a pleasure to read, it is a delight to have read and to retain on my shelves, laced with pencil marks. Quote Finally, one more revelation which is “from the ground up original” {D. Ph. 525} but for that reason no less “going to the root of things” {200}: With regard to the origin of evil, “the fact that the type of the cat with the guile associated with it is found in animal form, stands on an even plane with the circumstance that a similar type of character is found also in human beings... There is therefore nothing mysterious about evil, unless someone wants to scent out something mysterious in the existence of a cat or of any animal of prey” {210-11}. Evil is — the cat. The devil therefore has no horns or cloven hoof, but claws and green eyes. And Goethe committed an unpardonable error in presenting Mephistopheles as a black dog instead of a black cat. Evil is the cat! That is morality, not only for all worlds, but also — for cats. [This is, in German, a play on words: für die Katze (for the cat) denotes something utterly useless or wasted effort. — Ed.] [Note it is not Engels but Dühring who holds these opinions about cats. D. O'hA] ]

  10. 4 out of 5

    Jonathan Hinckley

    "If Hegel had not died long ago, he would hang himself." Very brutal polemical response to poor Mr Durhung which, in outlining the deficiencies of his derivative 'world system', arrives at probably the best exposition of Dialectical Materialism and its applications. The section written by Marx ("From the Critical History") is a little dry, but only because he's flexing his acute knowledge of political economy: you can tell he was quite deep into his 20 year study lol The primary purpose of the boo "If Hegel had not died long ago, he would hang himself." Very brutal polemical response to poor Mr Durhung which, in outlining the deficiencies of his derivative 'world system', arrives at probably the best exposition of Dialectical Materialism and its applications. The section written by Marx ("From the Critical History") is a little dry, but only because he's flexing his acute knowledge of political economy: you can tell he was quite deep into his 20 year study lol The primary purpose of the book, however, is dealing specifically with Durhung's philosophy, so unless you're prepared to wade through wordy negations of German Idealism (which is more readable than it sounds), i'd stick to "Socialism: Utopian and Scientific" which was adapted from portions of the text anyway.

  11. 5 out of 5

    Arta

    The last 100 pages or so of this is probably the most insightful theory I’ve ever read. Not only a masterclass in historical materialism, but also an object lesson on how to utilize that mode of historical analysis, and then draw political conclusions from it. Engels doesn’t simply present the principles of marxism, rather he takes you through the steps with him and shows you his process (he teaches you how to fish, if you will) meanwhile also giving the reader a useful lesson in argumentation b The last 100 pages or so of this is probably the most insightful theory I’ve ever read. Not only a masterclass in historical materialism, but also an object lesson on how to utilize that mode of historical analysis, and then draw political conclusions from it. Engels doesn’t simply present the principles of marxism, rather he takes you through the steps with him and shows you his process (he teaches you how to fish, if you will) meanwhile also giving the reader a useful lesson in argumentation by framing the book as a response to Duhring.

  12. 5 out of 5

    Deniz

    Dönemin profesör ve düşünürü Eugen Dühring'in kendi düşünce sistemini oluştururken Marx'a, bilimsel sosyalizme ve diyalektik-tarihsel materyalizme karşı sunduğu sığ eleştirileri Engels, dolu dolu bir şekilde çürütüyor. Bunu yaparken de marksist düşüncenin ilkelerini açıklıyor. Engels'in zekasının kitabın her sayfasında hissedildiği temel marksist eserlerden birisi. Kesinlikle okunması gereken bir başyapıt. Dönemin profesör ve düşünürü Eugen Dühring'in kendi düşünce sistemini oluştururken Marx'a, bilimsel sosyalizme ve diyalektik-tarihsel materyalizme karşı sunduğu sığ eleştirileri Engels, dolu dolu bir şekilde çürütüyor. Bunu yaparken de marksist düşüncenin ilkelerini açıklıyor. Engels'in zekasının kitabın her sayfasında hissedildiği temel marksist eserlerden birisi. Kesinlikle okunması gereken bir başyapıt.

  13. 5 out of 5

    Jairo

    This is quite a dense book that requires your full attention but is certainly worth it. Engels completely wipes the floor with his opponent (Herr Duhring) and is even able to insert his typical jokes and disses after demolishing the arguments of his opponent. In this work, Engels covers Marxist theory, historical materialism, political economy, and scientific socialism. He explains the historical development that eventually gave birth to the capitalist mode of production, its inherent contradict This is quite a dense book that requires your full attention but is certainly worth it. Engels completely wipes the floor with his opponent (Herr Duhring) and is even able to insert his typical jokes and disses after demolishing the arguments of his opponent. In this work, Engels covers Marxist theory, historical materialism, political economy, and scientific socialism. He explains the historical development that eventually gave birth to the capitalist mode of production, its inherent contradictions, and how it is developing within itself the embryo of a higher mode of production, which it will eventually give birth to, out of historical necessity. Since the productive forces are in contradiction with the current mode of production and its social relations etc. Therefore the only way of liberating the further technological development of these is by shifting to a higher mode of production, aka. scientific socialism. He explains the fundamentals of scientific socialism and how it differs from utopian socialism in production, distribution, and exchange. He shows the contradictions within Duhring's utopian socialism, which is mainly based on temporal abstractions like morality, equality, and justice. Scientific socialists on the other hand must have a materialist conception of the objective laws that dominate and rule nature and society, so we can master them and use them with full understanding. So: "The whole sphere of the conditions of life which environ man, and which have hitherto ruled man, now comes under the dominion and control of man who for the first time becomes the real, conscious lord of nature because he has now become master of his own social organisation. The laws of his own social action, hitherto standing face to face with man as laws of nature foreign to, and dominating him, will then be used with full understanding, and so mastered by him. Man’s own social organisation, hitherto confronting him as a necessity imposed by nature and history, now becomes the result of his own free action. The extraneous objective forces that have hitherto governed history pass under the control of man himself. Only from that time will man himself, with full consciousness, make his own history — only from that time will the social causes set in movement by him have, in the main and in a constantly growing measure, the results intended by him. It is the humanity's leap from the kingdom of necessity to the kingdom of freedom." It is a must-read for anyone interested in Marxism and scientific socialism in general.

  14. 4 out of 5

    Dan Richter

    Im Jahr 1989 meine erster halbwegs ernsthafter Versuch, mich mit Philosophie auseinanderzusetzen, wenn auch in dem seltsamen polemischen Duktus Engels'. Im Jahr 1989 meine erster halbwegs ernsthafter Versuch, mich mit Philosophie auseinanderzusetzen, wenn auch in dem seltsamen polemischen Duktus Engels'.

  15. 4 out of 5

    Scott Bisset

    dialectical materialism is a very good abstract generalized principal or how reality works which can be the derived from the physical laws itself. it's funny as a lot of people today have a Herr Duhring material idealist motion of reality seeing this mathematics in the idealist Magical light. Engels just explains that it arose from material political economic necessity which arise from development of the productive forces. Nature determines how the world works we just hypothesise principles (app dialectical materialism is a very good abstract generalized principal or how reality works which can be the derived from the physical laws itself. it's funny as a lot of people today have a Herr Duhring material idealist motion of reality seeing this mathematics in the idealist Magical light. Engels just explains that it arose from material political economic necessity which arise from development of the productive forces. Nature determines how the world works we just hypothesise principles (approximations of nature embedding material models) which through the process of the dialectic via scientific experiments sharpen ever r models of the world. And ultimately these modes of thought they give rise to life come through the process of evolution by natural selection. Ie those creatures he can have accurate internal models materially embodied in their intelligence to accurately predict reality and Survive died out leaving only us with the best more corrector modes of thought which come from the nature of our material matter intelligence configuration. another key for dialectics materialism is everything is relativity, all things are relative, including your thoughts and your ideas and the environment around you it is very much reflected throughout science itself. Engels even shows this himself when he talks about the development of phases of matter talking about the models developed for describing gases and originally it was just the increase in volume is proportionally inverse to the pressure. But then that was only relative to what we had observed about materiality and scientist found many border cases which became more and more over time and had to correct these laws and add new ones to explain them. Anexample of Relativity between our material ideas and material reality. You're so goes on about how quantity turns into quality is reflected in water turning from a liquid to a gas are you in the quantity or temperature/energy added to the liquid pictures has a qualitative change in state of matter turning the water into gas. The unity of opposites, which comes down to basically the fact that nothing is absolute when someone says yes or no they're saying yes or no relative to something else. One might say that night and dark are opposite yet we know materiality that the fact that humans can't see the rest of the electromagnetic spectrum and can only see the visible light is a reflection of the relativity of this dark and light, they have a sort of Unity and are not absolutely separate poles. The relative to are sensors they seem to be. Another thing is the antithesis, thesis turns into a synthesis. This is reflected in material reality. see for example all the theoreticians of all forms of socialism eventually and I think it is this example the book Theses socialisms came into contact with each other via human beings interacting and being influenced by them and implement practical reality. This basically grinded down the socialisms into only the onse that were the most correct and scientific remained. Hence one school the socialism (thesis) came into another contact with another school (antithesis) from that conflict the best ideas from both of these socialist theories are synthesized into a better Theory (or possibly worse), taking the best (or worse) from world's. This leads to the contradictions of reality and then resolving each other. Which you can work out from the rest of the other principles how this is the right, what should be taken to account that all these principles are interacting with one another. Giving rise to the dialectical phenomenological principles (which can be used idealistically like in hegel's dialectics or if you abuse dialectics by using them (over)abstractly and forgetting about the materialism - which many communist do today). Unified in basically, dialectical principles being derived from Materialist philosophy and being summarised in dialectical materialism a accurate scientific philosophical viewpoint.

  16. 5 out of 5

    Kevin

    Anti-Dühring. Herr Eugen Dühring's Revolution in Science, by Frederick Engels. A Review. “Beware of egomaniacs with a scheme to change the world,” might be a moral one could take from this book. But the relevance of “Anti- Duhring” goes far deeper than mere fortune cookie wisdom. In it Frederick Engels exposes a charlatan for the reactionary he is and in the process elaborates the fundamental aspects of Marxism. It is not a good place to start learning about ‘scientific socialism’ though. Besides Anti-Dühring. Herr Eugen Dühring's Revolution in Science, by Frederick Engels. A Review. “Beware of egomaniacs with a scheme to change the world,” might be a moral one could take from this book. But the relevance of “Anti- Duhring” goes far deeper than mere fortune cookie wisdom. In it Frederick Engels exposes a charlatan for the reactionary he is and in the process elaborates the fundamental aspects of Marxism. It is not a good place to start learning about ‘scientific socialism’ though. Besides having to adapt as a 21st century reader to 19th century language, the scope of Engels knowledge in history, science, and economics is dazzling, making his claim to be a “dilettante” in these subjects somewhat disingenuous. This is not just academic jousting, however, but a literary manifestation of the struggle for ideas in the German labour movement of the late 19th century, a vital moment in the history of working class struggle. It can be easy to miss “the wood for the trees” in this book. However, with a grounding in Marxism to act as a compass this book is full of invaluable lessons. And that is where the use value of this work lay. Not necessarily in the detail of Engel’s criticism, but in fundamental criticisms of Duhring’s project that the detail supports. Written with Engel’s readable style and devastating wit, dismantling Duhring provides the student of Marxism with, as Engels describes in the 1885 preface, “positive conceptions developed alongside the polemic” that will help deepen one’s understanding of Marxist philosophy, historical analysis, and economics. “Anti- Duhring” is the source of a classic introductory text in the study of Marxism. “Socialism: Utopian and Scientific,” which is a great place to start. But with fundamental concepts firmly in hand, “Anti- Duhring” is one of those classics that, with patience and attention, delivers again and again to the students of Marxism, fortifying their theoretical knowledge and preparing them for the struggle. Both texts can be found online https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx... https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx...

  17. 5 out of 5

    mohab samir

    هناك من لديهم من الثقافة السطحية ما يؤهلهم ليتمثلوا حكمة الوجود او القوانين الازلية او المعارف النهائية والعلل الاولية والتى يروحون يفسرونها بذاتها ويفسرون كل الاشياء والعلوم بها وان لم تنطبق فانهم يضعون الوقائع الفعلية على سرير بروكروست الخاص بهم فى سبيل نظرياتهم الميتافيزيقية الزائفة فيشوهون العلوم بدلا ما يبرزون ما فيها من تناسق ويعزلونها او يطابقوها كما شاؤوا ولا يتمكنوا من اظهار ما بينها من تكامل واتصال وهم يفسرون الوجود اللامتناهى الاتساع بنظرتهم وافق فكرهم المحدودين . وفى كل مكان يظهر امث هناك من لديهم من الثقافة السطحية ما يؤهلهم ليتمثلوا حكمة الوجود او القوانين الازلية او المعارف النهائية والعلل الاولية والتى يروحون يفسرونها بذاتها ويفسرون كل الاشياء والعلوم بها وان لم تنطبق فانهم يضعون الوقائع الفعلية على سرير بروكروست الخاص بهم فى سبيل نظرياتهم الميتافيزيقية الزائفة فيشوهون العلوم بدلا ما يبرزون ما فيها من تناسق ويعزلونها او يطابقوها كما شاؤوا ولا يتمكنوا من اظهار ما بينها من تكامل واتصال وهم يفسرون الوجود اللامتناهى الاتساع بنظرتهم وافق فكرهم المحدودين . وفى كل مكان يظهر امثال هؤلاء تحت استار الصيغ الادبية المنمقة والثقة العتيدة بالنفس لتنخدع الجماهير الضحلة الفكر بهرائهم . الا ان قوة الجماهير الغفيرة فى صورة التبعية لتمثل خطرا داهما على العلوم الناشئة او على افراد المثقفين الحقيقيون وكان هذا هو ما فعله السيد أوجين دوهرنج فى المانيا والذى قد زاد الطين بله بانه كان يتخذ من الاشتراكية شعارا الا انه لا يفعل الا ان يطمس مفهومها الحقيقى لدى الجماهير عن وعى كما يكشف عن جهله الكبير بها فى كتاباته عن غير وعى وكانت هذه هى المهمة التى اتخذها انجلز ليزود عن الاشتراكية الحديثة التى صاغها ماركس فى شكل علم الاقتصاد والاجتماع الحديث بصورة جدلية تاريخية ومادية . ورغم ضحالة الفكر الدوهرنجى الا ان انتمائه للحزب الديمقراطى الاشتراكى الالمانى الذى استطاع من خلاله الترويج لافكاره وتكوين قاعدة من التابعين المتعصبين ، نقول ان ذلك هو ما شكل خطرا على الدعوه الاشتراكية الأممية التى شكلها ماركس وانجلز بصورة علمية . وهذا الكتاب الذى نحن بصدده كعادة كتب انجلز وماركس مليئة بالنقد الساخر وهى لا تتطلب قراءة اعمال المنتقدين كدوهرنج مثلا فى هذا الكتاب والعديد غيره كما فى كتاب الايديولوجيا الالمانية او العائلة المقدسة فانجلز وماركس يقدمون لنا عصارة فكر هؤلاء الذين ينقدونهم بشكل واضح وبسيط ومختصر ويقتبسون من كتاباتهم ما يفيد بمضمون فكرهم او كبر غطرستهم . اما عن دسامة الكتاب واهميته فيكفى ان نقول انه بعد تنقيحه واستخلاص ما لا يفيد بشكل عام فى المستقبل منه وهو فكر السيد دوهرنج وشرحه اصبح لدى انجلز كتاب الاشتراكية الطوباوية والعلمية وهو احد اشهر واهم كتاباته واحد اهم كتب الاشتراكية عموما .

  18. 4 out of 5

    Nathan Fisher

    I realize it is old hat to rag on Engels as Marxism's First Revisionist and that the more hip line now is to partake in the backlash to the backlash — but I still think this isn't as great as its reputation as an introduction to "Marxism." Some of it isn't his fault — it really is handicapped by its polemical structure which requires it to be a call-and-response with the nigh unreadable Dühring and that makes it quite laborious — the best chapters are the ones that steer clear of him entirely (i I realize it is old hat to rag on Engels as Marxism's First Revisionist and that the more hip line now is to partake in the backlash to the backlash — but I still think this isn't as great as its reputation as an introduction to "Marxism." Some of it isn't his fault — it really is handicapped by its polemical structure which requires it to be a call-and-response with the nigh unreadable Dühring and that makes it quite laborious — the best chapters are the ones that steer clear of him entirely (including the probable best stretch that opens Part 3 and became two-thirds of Socialism: Utopian and Scientific). The section on dialectics in particular does not do the tradition any favors in terms of clearing it of the charge of philosophical vulgarization. Additionally, I still think it laid down as orthodoxy some of the most popular and long-lasting misinterpretations of Capital — even though Kautsky's 'Economic Doctrines of Karl Marx' inherited a lot of the same flaws, for the historical genre it remains clearer, more subtle and I tend to think their respective levels of renown should be reversed. (No rating only cause I've stopped 'rating' the canon to avoid compulsive hot takes).

  19. 5 out of 5

    Sinan Öner

    Alman Filozof Friedrich Engels'in "Anti-Dühring" kitabı, Alman sosyal demokrat akım içinde yayılan "Dühringçi sapma"ya karşı bir "yanıt" olarak yazdığı, yüzlerce sayfadan oluşan bir "felsefe-politik ekonomi-tarih" kitabı. Engels, "Anti-Dühring" kitabında, Marxizm'in ayrıntılı bir açıklamasını yapıyor, kitabı üç başlıca bölümde hazırlıyor: "Felsefe", "Politik Ekonomi" ve "Sosyalizm". Marxizm'in (Marx'ın eserlerinin), "Felsefe" açısından, "Politik Ekonomi" açısından ve "Sosyalizm" açısından önceki Alman Filozof Friedrich Engels'in "Anti-Dühring" kitabı, Alman sosyal demokrat akım içinde yayılan "Dühringçi sapma"ya karşı bir "yanıt" olarak yazdığı, yüzlerce sayfadan oluşan bir "felsefe-politik ekonomi-tarih" kitabı. Engels, "Anti-Dühring" kitabında, Marxizm'in ayrıntılı bir açıklamasını yapıyor, kitabı üç başlıca bölümde hazırlıyor: "Felsefe", "Politik Ekonomi" ve "Sosyalizm". Marxizm'in (Marx'ın eserlerinin), "Felsefe" açısından, "Politik Ekonomi" açısından ve "Sosyalizm" açısından önceki düşüncelerden, önceki akımlardan farklarını ayrıntılı açıklıyor Engels. Engels, "Felsefe" bölümünde, "Materyalist Diyalektik" metodolojiyi anlatırken, Marx'ın felsefesinin geçmiş felsefelerden farklarını tanımlıyor, "Politik Ekonomi" bölümünde, Marxist ekonomi kavramlarının geçmişteki "liberal" veya "burjuva demokrat" ekonomi kavramlarından farklılaşmalarını anlatıyor, "Sosyalizm" bölümünde ise, Marxizm'in politik felsefesini açıklıyor, "ütopyacı sosyalizm"den veya başka "sosyalist akımlar"dan farklı olarak!

  20. 5 out of 5

    Azriel Rose

    A very dry but witty take on Herr Dühring, an idealist “philosopher” who claimed to have the absolute socialist future ready-made for the world. Engels dispels all idealistic notions in this book, providing a foundation of understanding dialectics and historical, economic materialism and how we should view the world from a purely materialist view. 3 stars because: Engels, though funny, is dry and long-winded. This is what makes him both a great teacher and an unbearable one. If you are strugglin A very dry but witty take on Herr Dühring, an idealist “philosopher” who claimed to have the absolute socialist future ready-made for the world. Engels dispels all idealistic notions in this book, providing a foundation of understanding dialectics and historical, economic materialism and how we should view the world from a purely materialist view. 3 stars because: Engels, though funny, is dry and long-winded. This is what makes him both a great teacher and an unbearable one. If you are struggling in how to conceptualize dialectic thought and argument, read this book, but be prepared to take breaks, as his constant (but necessary) quoting of Herr Dühring gets exhausted, as Mr. Dühring was a complete fool, who fancied himself the end-all of theory with his ornate sentences. Seriously, you will roll your eyes many times.

  21. 5 out of 5

    Gabriel Dametto

    Inicialmente escrita contra o filisteu Duhring, hoje considero a obra uma enciclopédia de conceitos basilares do marxismo, desde a Ciência da Natureza até às Humanas, Economia e Sociedade. Apesar de terem se passado 200 anos, o pensamento que Engels visou combater ainda permanece na mente de idealistas e reformistas de toda a estirpe - é um dever revolucionário combatê-los com precisão e coerência. “Os seres humanos, consciente ou inconscientemente, extraem as suas noções morais, em última instân Inicialmente escrita contra o filisteu Duhring, hoje considero a obra uma enciclopédia de conceitos basilares do marxismo, desde a Ciência da Natureza até às Humanas, Economia e Sociedade. Apesar de terem se passado 200 anos, o pensamento que Engels visou combater ainda permanece na mente de idealistas e reformistas de toda a estirpe - é um dever revolucionário combatê-los com precisão e coerência. “Os seres humanos, consciente ou inconscientemente, extraem as suas noções morais, em última instância, das relações práticas que embasam a sua condição de classe”.

  22. 5 out of 5

    J.P.

    I added this to my list as I read that it could help with the understanding of Dialectical Materialism. Although written as a take down of one his contemporaries, the concepts are valuable. It is good not only for understanding an opposing mindset but also limitations or flaws we have in our own & can only make for better analysis. Can be a bit challenging at times but it’s definitely worth the read.

  23. 4 out of 5

    Mehmet

    Dönemin Alman sosyal demokrasisi içindeki ideologlarından Dühring ile girişilen bir polemik niteliği taşıyan bu kitap, bu polemik üzerinden Marksizm'in, felsefe, diyalektik materyalizm, ekonomi politik ve sosyalizm konularındaki tarihsel materyalist çözümlemesini somutluyor. Polemikçi anlatımı tekrar ve uzun bölümlere neden olsa da, kavramların somut siyasi tartışmalar üzerinden bir soyutlama ve tekrar somutlama ile ele alınıyor olması, kavramların anlaşılması açısından çok öğretici. Dönemin Alman sosyal demokrasisi içindeki ideologlarından Dühring ile girişilen bir polemik niteliği taşıyan bu kitap, bu polemik üzerinden Marksizm'in, felsefe, diyalektik materyalizm, ekonomi politik ve sosyalizm konularındaki tarihsel materyalist çözümlemesini somutluyor. Polemikçi anlatımı tekrar ve uzun bölümlere neden olsa da, kavramların somut siyasi tartışmalar üzerinden bir soyutlama ve tekrar somutlama ile ele alınıyor olması, kavramların anlaşılması açısından çok öğretici.

  24. 4 out of 5

    libprop

    Gaya penulisan berpolemik yang amat saya sukai. Salah satu karakter pemikir kiri adalah gaya polemiknya, sekalipun itu bukan sebuah tulisan untuk menanggapi pemikir lain. Frederick Engels membedah cacat pikir Herr Duhring. Buku ini mengajarkan metode berpikir Materialisme-Dialektika-Historis. Engels mengatakan bahwa Duhring terlalu sering melakukan lompatan logika, sehingga cacat, tidak komprehensif, tidak relevan, tidak kontekstual, dan tidak signifikan untuk ilmu pengetahuan. Anjay, tidak signi Gaya penulisan berpolemik yang amat saya sukai. Salah satu karakter pemikir kiri adalah gaya polemiknya, sekalipun itu bukan sebuah tulisan untuk menanggapi pemikir lain. Frederick Engels membedah cacat pikir Herr Duhring. Buku ini mengajarkan metode berpikir Materialisme-Dialektika-Historis. Engels mengatakan bahwa Duhring terlalu sering melakukan lompatan logika, sehingga cacat, tidak komprehensif, tidak relevan, tidak kontekstual, dan tidak signifikan untuk ilmu pengetahuan. Anjay, tidak signifikan lho cuk. Buku-buku semacam ini tidak hanya mengajari kita melakukan kritik tetapi juga otokritik.

  25. 4 out of 5

    Moises Ron-Lopez

    Essential reading for understanding Marxist philosophy, economy, and socialism. It is quite boring at times because of it’s function as a critique of Duhring (Duhring is laughably incorrect about a lot of things and his writing style reeks of undeserved arrogance) but most of it is incredibly clear and serves very easily as a preliminary reading to Capital or more dense marxist works.

  26. 5 out of 5

    Aleksei Uljassov

    Об этой книге узнал от Анатолия Вассермана на просторах YouTube в рубрике "100 вопросов". С его слов прочитав определённые 4 книги, в определённом порядке и хорошо подумав над прочитанном, должна сождаться хорошоя картина мира и его понимания. Ну так вот прочитав превую книгу из этого списка, могу сказать, что книга достаточно тяжела в чтении и понимании, ну или это Я просто не совсем умный... Об этой книге узнал от Анатолия Вассермана на просторах YouTube в рубрике "100 вопросов". С его слов прочитав определённые 4 книги, в определённом порядке и хорошо подумав над прочитанном, должна сождаться хорошоя картина мира и его понимания. Ну так вот прочитав превую книгу из этого списка, могу сказать, что книга достаточно тяжела в чтении и понимании, ну или это Я просто не совсем умный...

  27. 5 out of 5

    Caner

    Sol Yayınları'nın çevirisi korkunç. Orijinal metne sadıklığını bilemem fakat çevirmenin Türkçe hakimiyeti görünen o ki epey zayıf, okumayı iyice zorlaştırıyor bu durum. Başka bir çevirisi de henüz bulunmuyor bildiğim kadarıyla. Sol Yayınları'nın çevirisi korkunç. Orijinal metne sadıklığını bilemem fakat çevirmenin Türkçe hakimiyeti görünen o ki epey zayıf, okumayı iyice zorlaştırıyor bu durum. Başka bir çevirisi de henüz bulunmuyor bildiğim kadarıyla.

  28. 4 out of 5

    Stuart Hartman

    Pretty a much an essential for "Marxism". But it needs to be noted the mechanistic parts commonly associated with Marxism are moreso Engels than Marx. Pretty dense sometimes, but the "socialism" chapter was great. Pretty a much an essential for "Marxism". But it needs to be noted the mechanistic parts commonly associated with Marxism are moreso Engels than Marx. Pretty dense sometimes, but the "socialism" chapter was great.

  29. 4 out of 5

    Patrick

    An important book with lots of funny witticisms.

  30. 5 out of 5

    Victor Madsen

    Brilliant!

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