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Basic Teachings of the Great Philosophers: A Survey of Their Basic Ideas

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A complete summary of the views of the most important philosophers in Western civilization. Each major field of philosophic inquiry comprises a separate chapter for greater accessibility. Includes Plato, Descartes, Spinoza, Kant, Hegel, Dewey, Sartre, and many others.


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A complete summary of the views of the most important philosophers in Western civilization. Each major field of philosophic inquiry comprises a separate chapter for greater accessibility. Includes Plato, Descartes, Spinoza, Kant, Hegel, Dewey, Sartre, and many others.

30 review for Basic Teachings of the Great Philosophers: A Survey of Their Basic Ideas

  1. 4 out of 5

    Fahim

    "ما نمی توانیم با مُشتی تجربه های نامربوط که به طور اتفاقی در سراسر زندگی پراکنده اند ، احساس رضایت کنیم. باید تجربه های خود را برداریم و آن ها را در الگویی به هم پیوند بزنیم و از مجموعه شان کلیتی بسازیم که کم و بیش راضی کننده باشد. این الگو و این کُل است که فلسفه ی مارا تشکیل می دهد... فیلسوف خطاب به ما می گوید: نگاه کنید، این معنایی است که من از جهانِ تجربه ی بشری می گیرم ، و این بقیه نیز، اشتباهاتی است که از فلاسفه ی قبل از خود گرفته ام. این ها بهترین دانش و آگاهیِ من در ارتباط با دنیاست. به شم "ما نمی توانیم با مُشتی تجربه های نامربوط که به طور اتفاقی در سراسر زندگی پراکنده اند ، احساس رضایت کنیم. باید تجربه های خود را برداریم و آن ها را در الگویی به هم پیوند بزنیم و از مجموعه شان کلیتی بسازیم که کم و بیش راضی کننده باشد. این الگو و این کُل است که فلسفه ی مارا تشکیل می دهد... فیلسوف خطاب به ما می گوید: نگاه کنید، این معنایی است که من از جهانِ تجربه ی بشری می گیرم ، و این بقیه نیز، اشتباهاتی است که از فلاسفه ی قبل از خود گرفته ام. این ها بهترین دانش و آگاهیِ من در ارتباط با دنیاست. به شما پیشنهاد میکنم آنها را از من بگیرید و از جایی که من تمام کرده ام، بررسی خود را آغاز کنید... " . این کتاب به (ده مساله ی مهم) می پردازد که متفکران را از ابتدای تاریخ تاکنون به مبارزه طلبیده است: *ماهیت جهان چیست؟ *جایگاه انسان در جهان کجاست؟ *خیر و شر چیست؟ *ماهیت خداوند چیست؟ *آیا ما آزادیم ؟یا محکومیم به سرنوشتی از پیش تعیین شده؟ *روح چیست و آیا زندگی بعدی وجود دارد ؟ *آیا حکومت مخلوق انسان است یا ریشه ی الهی دارد؟ *آموزش چیست و چه کسی بر آموزش کنترل دارد، مردم یا حکومت؟ *ذهن و ماده چیست و کدام برتر است؟ *ما تصورات خود را از می آوریم؟... . در هر فصل ، به یکی از این سوالات پرداخته شده و پاسخهایی که فلاسفه در طول تاریخ به این پرسشها داده اند نیز در ادامه آورده شده و امکان مقایسه ی آراء، به خوبی فراهم شده است. از معایب آن اینکه ، در بعضی فصول نویسنده به شدت به تکرار افتاده و بعضی مفاهیم را بارها توضیح داده و دوم اینکه سیر رسیدن هر فیلسوف به اندیشه ی خاصش را به اندازه ی کافی شرح نداده و گاهی مسلسل وار موضع متفکران مختلف را در مورد موضوع مورد بحث، گفته و به سرعت از آن عبور کرده که باعث کسالت بار شدن آن در بعضی قسمتها میشد...

  2. 5 out of 5

    Matt

    This was absolutely the best book you can possibly read if you are a beginner Philosopher, or were like me and taking a Philosophy class in College. I knew of only names of Philosophers, and by the end of this book I knew their souls, or what made up the soul that translated life into words. Each of them making light of the greatest questions ever asked, and each with different "answers". Not only did they answer questions, but they took everything and formed a concise thought that explained eve This was absolutely the best book you can possibly read if you are a beginner Philosopher, or were like me and taking a Philosophy class in College. I knew of only names of Philosophers, and by the end of this book I knew their souls, or what made up the soul that translated life into words. Each of them making light of the greatest questions ever asked, and each with different "answers". Not only did they answer questions, but they took everything and formed a concise thought that explained everything. So their answer to one thing would be based off their grand thought. I remember when I read this book, it felt like my mind had expanded to the size of the universe. My brain had to; your thought must be so open and willing if your to fully understand the teachings of Philosophers. Those who know less, are the ones who "think" they know the most. When I took the class, so many people would fight over an argument, even if the teacher asked hypothetical questions, like; "if god is all knowing, then he knows everything you will ever do, and teacher would ask, "if this was the case", "Wouldn't your life be stuck to Gods fate". Pretty much Gods fate meant in 1 theory, that you had no choice, because God already knew which you would choose. (This is the type of stuff I am talking about, how your mind must expand if to ponder such possibilities) I could have been like half the students who argued that we would still have choice and base pathetic little arguments based off what they thought they know, or I could be like the other half who said that they wanted to live Gods plan. I feel that since I read this book, I was able to look at the questions asked away from my human barriers, such as emotion, and really sit there and ponder the circumstances. Did I have an answer...no...but I was probably the only one who truly "understood" all sides of the concept, without emotionally decided on which I felt was best because I could write a 20 page essay on what I thought, maybe even a whole book, just on the 1 question! That is how powerful Philosophy can be, if you study those who founded it! Anyways, out of all the books I found at public library, this was absolutely the best one. I do know of other great Philosophy books, I just remember this one changing my life more than any other.

  3. 5 out of 5

    Geoff Ball

    This is a decent book that covers a wide range of philosophers. It is written where each chapter discusses a different question, and therefore is not dependant on previous chapters. There is some repetition between chapters, which can be expected. The problem was all the repetition within paragraphs — the same sentence written three different ways. It became a distraction. Overall, it is a decent book to outline general principles and arguments each philosopher defended, and it even provides what This is a decent book that covers a wide range of philosophers. It is written where each chapter discusses a different question, and therefore is not dependant on previous chapters. There is some repetition between chapters, which can be expected. The problem was all the repetition within paragraphs — the same sentence written three different ways. It became a distraction. Overall, it is a decent book to outline general principles and arguments each philosopher defended, and it even provides what the author believes to be each philosopher's greatest work(s). It is, as the title suggests, nothing more than an introduction.

  4. 4 out of 5

    Stephanie

    I can only handle a certain amount of philosophical ideas in a week...I've been reading this book on and off for about two years now. I can only handle a certain amount of philosophical ideas in a week...I've been reading this book on and off for about two years now.

  5. 4 out of 5

    Thamrong

    A good travelling handbook of philosophy but you find it difficult if you have not read Bertrand Russell 'History of Western Philosophy' cover to cover. A good travelling handbook of philosophy but you find it difficult if you have not read Bertrand Russell 'History of Western Philosophy' cover to cover.

  6. 5 out of 5

    Rebekah Byson

    I found this general overview of philosophy repetitive and full of bias. Repetitive in that the author repeated the same phrases and ideas so often that the writing was clunky and yawn-inducing. Bias in that it was clear the author favored those ideas in philosophy that had a Judeo-Christian theme over others, so the effect was the book read like Protestant theology, rather than a general broad overview. As the title says, this book was "basic" and uninspired. I had read that this was a classic I found this general overview of philosophy repetitive and full of bias. Repetitive in that the author repeated the same phrases and ideas so often that the writing was clunky and yawn-inducing. Bias in that it was clear the author favored those ideas in philosophy that had a Judeo-Christian theme over others, so the effect was the book read like Protestant theology, rather than a general broad overview. As the title says, this book was "basic" and uninspired. I had read that this was a classic of philosophy, but I would suggest searching for another book if you're looking for a general overview and history of philosophy.

  7. 5 out of 5

    Jeff Durant

    Addressing the 10 questions posed by Dr. Frost with potential answers from great philosophers is an admirable concept, but a seeming unwillingness to quote, his use of phrases such as, "heliocentric universe", and a pace that only someone who already understands the information can follow, make for an incomprehensive and inarticulate reference guide. Suggested reading for those who agree with his introductory assertion,"Everyone, whether he be a plowman or banker, clerk or captain, citizen or r Addressing the 10 questions posed by Dr. Frost with potential answers from great philosophers is an admirable concept, but a seeming unwillingness to quote, his use of phrases such as, "heliocentric universe", and a pace that only someone who already understands the information can follow, make for an incomprehensive and inarticulate reference guide. Suggested reading for those who agree with his introductory assertion,"Everyone, whether he be a plowman or banker, clerk or captain, citizen or ruler, is, in a real sense, a philosopher."

  8. 4 out of 5

    Rick

    I found this book to be quite useful as an overview of philosophical ideas. It is arranged by topic (ontology, metaphysics, morality, etc. etc.) and provides different philosophers' ideas on each topic, comparing and contrasting those ideas. I found this book to be quite useful as an overview of philosophical ideas. It is arranged by topic (ontology, metaphysics, morality, etc. etc.) and provides different philosophers' ideas on each topic, comparing and contrasting those ideas.

  9. 5 out of 5

    Dustin Tramel

    A simple introduction. Works best as a reference for those already familiar with philosophy.

  10. 5 out of 5

    Hadji VanderVeer

    Slow read, but good insights on thought from these different eras

  11. 5 out of 5

    Jimena Casillas

    Want to know the world?

  12. 4 out of 5

    Raymond

    This book is a synopsis of the more important philosphers in Western Civilization. As a synopsis it seems unbiased as it presents the major views of each philospher. I'd have to read all the philosopy works to categorically state that S.F. Frost Jr. has achieved that balance. What have I learned? That Man is basically as he was from the beginning, only more sophisticatingly so. He still struggles with the ideas of Good & Evil, Fate and Free Will and what his place in the general scheme of existen This book is a synopsis of the more important philosphers in Western Civilization. As a synopsis it seems unbiased as it presents the major views of each philospher. I'd have to read all the philosopy works to categorically state that S.F. Frost Jr. has achieved that balance. What have I learned? That Man is basically as he was from the beginning, only more sophisticatingly so. He still struggles with the ideas of Good & Evil, Fate and Free Will and what his place in the general scheme of existence, really? Knowing I am not alone, in these questions, is a great comfort. I should caution that this is not a book that can be read once. The condition of my book is evidence that I do believe that.

  13. 4 out of 5

    Amy

    I loved how seamlessly the prose flowed through a timeline of philosophers to explore their views on the same topic. It was ace to see how ideas were influenced and developed throughout the ages with regards to culture, the introduction of religion and the teachings of past philosophers. This is something that had always been missing for me, having studied philosophy at college in a very disjointed way. It really brought everything together and gave me the bigger picture, which is nice!

  14. 5 out of 5

    Nick Smith

    This book takes several key questions which are very important, and answers them in terms of what major philosophers or philosophical schools took as their positions chronologically from ancient Greece to the present day. Many of the broad areas outlined here are taken up by a plethora of philosophers/schools and not every thinker is represented each time. I loved this book and recommend it.

  15. 4 out of 5

    Stevie

    It was a good overview of the different topics within philosophy and the major philosopher's views on those topics Poignant Quotes: Kant - Always act in such a way that the maxim determining your conduct might well become a universal law; act so that you can will that everybody shall follow the principle of your action. It was a good overview of the different topics within philosophy and the major philosopher's views on those topics Poignant Quotes: Kant - Always act in such a way that the maxim determining your conduct might well become a universal law; act so that you can will that everybody shall follow the principle of your action.

  16. 4 out of 5

    Robin

    All the great philosophers in the world and they all had differing opinions on the fundamental laws of philosophy. Every one seemed to leave off and another philosopher would elucidate more on his findings. At times it was a harrowing read, since I had to go back to get the jist of the matter. Philosophy is not an easy read. You have to engage all of your mind to what they are trying to say.

  17. 4 out of 5

    Erin

    At the time, I loved it. It was my first intro to philosophy. Not sure what I would think about it now. Probably a little simplistic but a good overview on very specific subjects. At the time, I remember, it was my favorite book because all these ideas were so new and interesting.

  18. 5 out of 5

    Jessica Lowery

    A nicely ordered overview for non-experts such as myself which simplifies and presents philosophic teachings arranged by theme. An expert may find it too basic, but it's great for a lay-person who just wants to brush up a bit or get a broad understanding. A nicely ordered overview for non-experts such as myself which simplifies and presents philosophic teachings arranged by theme. An expert may find it too basic, but it's great for a lay-person who just wants to brush up a bit or get a broad understanding.

  19. 5 out of 5

    Shardbard

    this book is the best book there is for beginning philosophy interests. It has subjects and then tells what each philosopher believes in summary or at least condensed. It's so readable. It's not a book you finish, it's a book you refer to ongoing. this book is the best book there is for beginning philosophy interests. It has subjects and then tells what each philosopher believes in summary or at least condensed. It's so readable. It's not a book you finish, it's a book you refer to ongoing.

  20. 4 out of 5

    Alirezza

    The last chapter on recent philosophy wasn't good at all; it was over-summarized. The rest was satisfactory. The last chapter on recent philosophy wasn't good at all; it was over-summarized. The rest was satisfactory.

  21. 4 out of 5

    Moses Allen

    excellent reference book for light philosophers

  22. 4 out of 5

    Ehsan

    به نظرم کتاب خوبی است برای شروع اما بهترین نیست!

  23. 5 out of 5

    Steve Carroll jr

    It was ok for what it was, a basic intro or review of key philosophers.

  24. 5 out of 5

    Jimmy

    It was this book that first started me on my love of philosophy in college. I still have the same copy and I always read it.

  25. 5 out of 5

    Luzby Joel

    la gran filosofia

  26. 5 out of 5

    Robert Sanders

    A complete summary of the views of the most important philosophers since the beginning of Western civilization.

  27. 4 out of 5

    Jonathan

    None

  28. 5 out of 5

    Martha Wilkins

    A good read for someone who wants get acquainted with philosophy and who wants to familiarize themselves with important philosophers and a few of their philosophies.

  29. 5 out of 5

    Chris Beall

  30. 4 out of 5

    Asad

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